Salsa refers to a fusion of informal dance styles having roots in the Caribbean (especially in Cuba and Puerto Rico), Latin and North America. The dance originated through the mixture of Mambo, Danzon, Guaguanco, Cuban Son, and other typical Cuban dance forms. Salsa is danced to Salsa music. There is a strong African influence in the music as well as the dance. Ref:Wikipedia
Rueda de Casino (Rueda, Casino Rueda, Salsa Rueda) is a particular type of round dancing of Salsa. It was developed inHavana, Cuba in the late 1950s and early 1960s by the famous group Guaracheros de Regla and one of its main choreographers and creators was Jorge Alfaro from San Miguel del Padrn, a soloist of a comparsa.
Pairs of dancers form a circle, with dance moves called out by one person, a caller (or Lder or cantante in Spanish). Many moves have hand signs to complement the calls; these are useful in noisy venues, where spoken calls might not be easily heard. Many of the moves involve the swapping of partners. Ref: Wikipedia
Reggaeton (also spelled Reggaetn, and known as Reguetn and Reggaetn in Spanish) is a form of urban music which became popular with Latin American youth during the early 1990s and spread over the course of 10 years to North American,Europeanand Asian audiences. Originating in Panama, Reggaeton blends Jamaican music influences of reggae and dancehallwith those of Latin America, such as bomba, plena, salsa, merengue, latin pop and bachata as well as that of hip hop, R&B, andelectronica. Ref: Wikipedia
Merengue is a style of Latin American music and dance with a two-step beat. Partners hold each other in a closed position. The leader holds the followers waist with his right hand, while holding her right hand with his left hand at the followers eye level. Partners bend their knees slightly left and right, thus making the hips move left and right. The hips of the leader and follower move in the same direction throughout the song. Partners may walk sideways or circle each other, in small steps. They can switch to adouble handhold position and do separate turns without letting go each others hands or momentarily releasing one hand. During these turns they may twist and tie their handhold into intricate pretzels. Other choreography is possible. Ref: Wikipedia
Bachata, a form of music and dance that originated in the countryside and the rural neighborhoods of the Dominican Republic. Its subjects are often romantic; especially prevalent are tales of heartbreak and sadness. In fact, the original term used to name the genre was amargue (bitterness, or bitter music), until the rather ambiguous (and mood-neutral) term bachata became popular. Ref: Wikipedia
Zouk is the music, Lambada is the dance.
Brazilian Zouk or Zouk-Lambada is the modern evolution of Lambada, which originated in North East Brazil in the 80s and 90s. Known for its smooth, sensual and flowing movements, modern Zouk-Lambada is primarily danced to the French Caribbean styles of Zouk-Love and Kompa, as well as the related musics of Portuguese speaking Africa, such as Kizomba and Cabo-Love. It can also be danced to many R&B and Arabic, Persian and Turkish pop songs.